Capital Program Overview

Capital Program Overview Graphic (Seamless Connections, Empowered Movement and Supported Network)

Metro is investing in system safety, reliability and the region's economy through our Capital Improvement Program. For Fiscal Year 2022, Metro's Board of Directors approved a 6-year, $12.3 billion capital program.

The capital program is designed to improve the safety of our rail, bus and paratransit system for all customers and employees, improve the customer experience, and keep the region's infrastructure in a state of good repair. The capital program does this by investing in new railcars, buses and paratransit vehicles, improving stations and platforms, upgrading fire-suppression and emergency response systems, building new bus garages, replacing and repairing tracks, tunnels, bridges, signals, and more.

In spending local taxpayer dollars for capital projects, we're seeking to reinvest in our hometown economy, creating jobs and encouraging participation from disadvantaged, minority-owned, and small businesses in the region, while preparing the region for a more sustainable and equitable future.

Investment Principles

Capital projects are prioritized based on their alignment with three strategic objectives:

The project’s ability to sustain safety through recurring maintenance, rehabilitation and replacement programs of vital systems and assets.

The project’s ability to reduce risk of injuries, property damage or other security concerns.

Service Delivery
The project’s ability to improve service reliability and maintain or return assets into a state of good repair by improving an asset's physical condition, taking into account asset  age (i.e. station platforms, vehicles, facilities, etc.) and deterioration level.

Funding Sources

Metro’s federal funding includes Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act (PRIIA) funding, as well as formula grants, most of which come through the Federal Transit Administration (FTA). PRIIA provides $148.5 million annually in federal grants matched by $$148.5 million total from the District of Columbia, Maryland and Virginia (approximately $50 million each) for Metro's safety and state of good repair capital program.

Federal formula funding programs provide support for management of long-term assets and help to address the backlog of state of good repair projects.

In addition, Metro is eligible to compete for a variety of competitive grants each year, such as the U.S. Department of Transportation's Better Utilizing Investments to Leverage Development (BUILD) grant program, the  FTA's Bus and Bus Facilities or Low- or No- Emission Vehicle grant programs, and the Department of Homeland Security's Transit Security Grant Program (TSGP).

State & Local Funds
Since 2010, Metro's jurisdictional partners affirmed their commitment to Metro's safety and state of good repair goals with the execution of a Capital Funding Agreement (CFA). The CFA provides the vehicle for jurisdictional matches to federal formula and discretionary grants and system performance funds - contributions over and above what is required to match federal grants.

In 2018, Metro's funding partners came together and established the agency's first dedicated capital funding source that provides $500 million each year, providing Metro the flexibility to plan critical capital projects on a long-term horizon and align necessary financing required to support the program. During FY2022-2027, the majority of dedicated capital funding is targeted for payment of long-term debt, which allows Metro to smooth out cash flows as projects move through their lifecycle and provides the flexibility to accellerage projects as necessary.

Capital Program Categories

The capital program is organized into six investment categories:


Railcars and Railcar Facilities

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Rail Systems

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Track and Structures Rehabilitation

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Stations and Passenger Facilities

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Bus, Bus Facilities and Paratransit

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Infrastructure-support facilities-icon

Business and Operations Support

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From annual reports to quarterly progress updates, view capital program documents here.