Capital Program Overview


Capital Program Categories

The capital program is organized into six investment categories:


Railcar & Railcar Facilities

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Rail Systems

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Track & Structures Rehabilitation

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Stations & Passenger Facilities

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Bus, Bus Facilities & Paratransit

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Business & Operations Support

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Capital Program Overview Graphic (Seamless Connections, Empowered Movement and Supported Network)

Metro is investing in system safety, reliability, and the region's economy through our Capital Improvement Program. On March 24, 2022, Metro's Board of Directors approved a 6-year, $12.4 billion capital program.

The capital program is designed to improve the safety of our rail, bus and paratransit system for all customers and employees, improve the customer experience, and keep the region's infrastructure in a state of good repair. The capital program does this by investing in new railcars, buses, and paratransit vehicles, improving stations and platforms, upgrading fire-suppression and emergency response systems, building new bus garages, replacing and repairing tracks, tunnels, bridges, signals, and more.

In spending local taxpayer dollars for capital projects, we're seeking to reinvest in the local economy, creating jobs and encouraging participation from disadvantaged, minority-owned, and small businesses in the region, while preparing the region for a more sustainable and equitable future.

Investment Principles

Capital projects are prioritized based on their alignment with three strategic objectives:

The project’s ability to sustain safety through recurring maintenance, rehabilitation and replacement programs of vital systems and assets.

The project’s ability to reduce risk of injuries, property damage or other security concerns.

The project’s ability to improve service reliability and maintain or return assets into a state of good repair by improving an asset's physical condition, taking into account asset  age (i.e. station platforms, vehicles, facilities, etc.) and deterioration level.

Funding Sources

Metro’s federal funding includes Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act (PRIIA) funding, as well as formula grants, most of which come through the Federal Transit Administration (FTA). PRIIA was reauthorized for FY2023 to provide $150 million annually in federal grants to Metro.  Of this amount, $5 million has been designated for use by Metro’s Office of Inspector General, while the balance of funds continues to support the capital program.  Federal PRIIA funds will continue to be matched by contributions from the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia, whose support helps Metro address its safety and state of good repair capital needs.

Federal formula funding programs provide support for management of long-term assets and help to address the backlog of state of good repair projects.

In addition, Metro is eligible to compete for a variety of competitive grants each year, such as the U.S. Department of Transportation's Rebuilding American Infrastructure with Sustainability and Equity (RAISE) grant program, the  FTA's Bus and Bus Facilities or Low- or No- Emission Vehicle grant programs, and the Department of Homeland Security's Transit Security Grant Program (TSGP).

State & Local Funds

Since 2010, Metro's jurisdictional partners affirmed their commitment to Metro's safety and state of good repair goals with the execution of a Capital Funding Agreement (CFA). The CFA provides the vehicle for jurisdictional matches to federal formula and discretionary grants and system performance funds - contributions over and above what is required to match federal grants.

In 2018, Metro's funding partners came together and established the agency's first dedicated capital funding source that provides $500 million each year, providing Metro the flexibility to plan critical capital projects on a long-term horizon and align necessary financing required to support the program.


From annual reports to quarterly progress updates, view capital program documents here.